Herpes simplex infection (Herpes) is a viral infection that can develop in almost anywhere on the body and is characterized by water-filled blistering and incrustation. The factor is Herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes virus has two types as HSV-1 and HSV-2. While HSV-1 usually causes herpes on and around the mouth, genital herpes can develop due to both types of HSV and especially HSV-2.
Herpes often occurs in stressful periods. However, it can develop in conditions that decrease body resistance such as fatigue and insomnia, in diseases where the immune system is suppressed (AIDS, organ transplantation, cancer, etc.), in febrile diseases, and after excessive sun exposure.
The diagnosis of herpes is easy. Culture and further analyses are rarely required. However, those with genital herpes must be examined for other sexually transmitted infections.
The treatment is determined according to the severity of the disease. Topical treatment is used in mild herpes infections and systemic antiviral treatment in severe herpes infections. The drugs should be started in the first 1-2 days once the infection starts. Otherwise, no significant effect is observed. Suppression treatment with systemic antivirals can be used for 6 months to 1 year in frequently repeating herpes cases.