Rosacea is a common, chronic skin disorder characterized by facial redness and acne-like lesions. The eyes can also be involved, resulting in symptoms such as burning, stinging, and redness. Rosacea is most commonly seen in middle-aged women with a light-colored skin type and usually becomes worse if untreated. Inflammation can occasionally develop and cause confusion with acne, allergic eczema, lupus and many skin disorders. A number of inflammatory factors have been identified. These include hot food and drinks, spicy foods, stress, alcohol, changes in mood, sudden hot and cold air changes, hot bathing or sauna, applications such as peeling and masking, excessive exercise, corticosteroids and various hormone treatments, various drugs dilating the blood vessels, and sun rays.
The primary aim should be to avoid these triggering factors. There is no curative treatment for rosacea. The aim of treatment is to decrease the signs and symptoms and keep them under control. Another significant preventive measure is to use sunscreen. The subject should use the appropriate sunscreen for the skin type. There are also many topical and systemic treatment options to decrease the symptoms. Topical metronidazole and tetracycline together with systemic tetracycline and isotretinoin are the most important treatment options. It may be possible to treat rosacea patients suffering from increased vascularity with vascular lasers. It is also important for the person to use specially developed dermocosmetic care products. In general, these products have a supportive role in keeping the disease under control.